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全國高考II卷理綜力學知識點的分析與研究.doc

資料分類:課件試題 上傳會員:艾薇兒 更新時間:2013-07-09
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摘要:2007至2011年間,每年高考理綜卷物理試題都遵循“穩中求變、變中求新、新中求實、體現課改”的特點,繼續堅持以能力測試為主導, 考查考生對所學的物理基礎知識、基本方法、基本技能的掌握程度;考查考生綜合運用已知的物理知識分析、解決實際問題的能力和探究能力,重視對考生科學素養的考查。雖考法萬千,但終究萬變不離其宗,主要的知識點依然是考試的重點。因而,只有找出重要的知識點,將其熟練的掌握和運用,才是高考復習的關鍵。

   本論文以高中課程改革為背景,以高中新課程標準為理論基礎,主要針對近幾年的全國高考物理試題進行分析和研究,總結新課程背景下物理高考的命題特點和趨勢。本論文的研究內容主要包括:(1)解讀新課程改革以及新課程背景下高考的發展趨勢。(2)對高考題型和結構以及知識點的分布情況做了較詳盡的統計,研究的重點是新課改下物理高考試題的特點,從而把握新課程改革下物理高考的命題趨勢。(3)對高中物理教學提出切實可行的教學建議,為高中教育工作者和高中學生提供一定的教學參考。

   近五年全國高考理綜物理力學試題部分注重了對基礎知識和基本能力的考查。試卷既能滿足高校選拔新生的要求,同時對中學物理教學也有較好的導向作用。從五份試卷的內容看,既有基礎題,又有創新型題目,并注重知識在實際生活中的應用。高考復習時首先要加強對重要知識點的理解和應用,注重基本規律的應用,經典題和常規題要常做,同時要加強從圖像中獲取信息的能力、探究能力和建模能力的培養,提高運用所學知識進行遷移從而解決實際問題的能力。

關鍵詞:高考;物理;試題分析;教學建議

 

Abstract:Between 2007—2011, every year the university entrance exam manage put together coils physical exam is abided by "stability, and become the change of innovation and new realistic, reflect the class changes" characteristic, continue to adhere to the power to test for the leading, examines the examinee to have basic knowledge of physics, the basic method and the basic skill of the master degree; Examines the examinee to comprehensive use of physical knowledge known analysis, the ability to solve practical problems and exploring ability, attach importance to the examinee scientific literacy examination. Although test method of millions, but ultimately all apparent changes the Pope, the main points is still the key test. Therefore, only to find out the important points, its skilled master and use, is the university entrance exam review key. 

   This papers to the high school curriculum reform as a background, based on the new curriculum standard high school as the theoretical basis, mainly in the national college entrance examination in recent years physical test analysis and research, this paper summarizes the physical new curriculum background characteristics and trends of the university entrance exam proposition. This thesis research content mainly includes: (1) reading the new curriculum reform under the new curriculum background and trend of the development of the university entrance exam. (2) the university entrance exam questions and knowledge structure and the distribution of the more detailed statistics, the new curriculum reform is the focus of the under the characteristics of high physical examination, and grasp the new curriculum reform of the university entrance exam next physical proposition tendency. (3) to the senior high school physics teaching practical teaching advice, for high school education workers and high school students provide certain teaching reference. 

   Nearly five years the national university entrance exam manage put together the physical and mechanical test to pay attention to the part of the basic knowledge and basic capacity examination. Papers can meet the requirements of the new university selection, and to the middle school physics teaching also has better guidance. From the content of the five copies of papers see, both basic problem, and innovative subject, and pay attention to the application of knowledge in real life. When reviewing the university entrance exam, we must first strengthen the understanding and knowledge of important application, pay attention to the application of the basic law, classic topic and the conventional problem will always do, and at the same time strengthen information from the image of ability, the inquisition ability and modeling skills, improve moved by using their knowledge and the ability to solve practical problems. 

Key words: University entrance exam; Physics;Item analysis;Teaching notes

 

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上傳會員 艾薇兒 對本文的描述:近五年全國高考理綜物理力學試題部分注重了對基礎知識和基本能力的考查。試卷既能滿足高校選拔新生的要求,同時對中學物理教學也有較好的導向作用。從五份試卷的內容看,既有......
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